The Great Heathen Army

In the fall of 865, dragonships began to beach on the shores of East Anglia. Led by the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, the initial groups of ships, maybe a hundred at most, swelled to maybe a thousand or more. The Great Heathen Army, as the vikingrs would come to be known, was now invading England. The word “vikingr” simply meant “pirate” which was a good description of the Viking raiders in the 9th century. They sacked cities, sold stolen goods, traded in slaves, and largely lived off the land, so to speak, but traveled by the sea.

The English were well aware of the Norse raiders. The Vikings had been sacking English towns since 793 when they looted the monastery at Lindisfarne. The king of East Anglia, Edmund the Martyr, assumed that these raiders could be paid off as others had been in the past. So he rushed out to welcome them, taking selfies with Ivar the Boneless, while Viking onlookers posted to their Faceberg page. OK, I made that up, but Edmund did make a deal with the Vikings. He paid the Norse what they demanded so they would go away.

One of the demands made by the Vikings was an unusual one. They wanted horses, lots of horses. These were people willing to trade in anything, but transporting horses by sea is not easy and it requires special skills.They wanted a lot of horses, enough to equip an army, so the task of transporting these animals for sale would have been daunting. Horses are big animals and prone to panic. A large animal thrashing around on your long-ship would be a bad result.

There’s some debate as to how they did it or even if they did it. The next time history notes the Viking horses is in the fall of 866 when they turned up in Northumbria, a kingdom about 150 miles north of East Anglia. Maybe they went over land, but there are no records of this. Maybe they build barges to carry the animals. They were great seamen so that’s plausible. They could also have kidnapped some locals who would help them handle the animals in transit.

On All Saints Day 866, the people of Eoforwic were doing what was common in the Middle Ages, which was partying like it was 866. In that time, the fall was when you celebrated and relaxed. The harvest was in, food stores were topped off and the bulk of the farm work was done for the year. Townfolk were the middle-class of the day. Land owners, minor royalty, merchants and traders lived in the city, so they were better off than the peasantry and could afford to cut loose a little.

The Northumbrian kings Aelle and Osbert were enjoying the good life in their capital when reports arrived about dragonships landing north of the Humber. Unlike prior raids in Northumbria, this one was not just a raid on some coastal towns. The Vikings, led by Ivar and Halfdan, were leading an army on horseback as well as on foot. More important, there were thousands of them, maybe tens of thousands. This was the largest army to set foot on the island since the Romans.

This was an enormous army and it was quickly on top of Eoforwic. History from this period is not always reliable, but the best sources suggest the Vikings led a night raid on the city, which was another amazing trick for a people known as sailors. The unprepared Northumbrians were no match for the Great Heathen Army and Eoforwic fell in the fall of 866. Aelle and Osbert escaped, but, Northumbria was now a Norse kingdom. Eoforwic would remain the capital of the Danelaw until the last independent Northumbrian monarch, Erik Bloodaxe, died in 954

The city of Eoforwic is a mouthful to say, even for modern sophisticates. The Norse really struggled with it. The name comes from the Roman name for the settlement which meant “place with alder trees.” The “wic” was tacked on after the Romans left and it means “village.” The Norse eventually shortened it to Jorvik and then finally to York. Place name drift is nothing new but in this case we have a clear understanding of how and why it happened. The Vikings simply could not or would not pronounce the town name correctly.

Today, England and Scotland are being invaded by Muslims. London is now a Muslim city. You could, if you wished to be accurate, call it the capital of the Western Caliphate. In Scotland, the native populations are now converting to Islam in large enough numbers to suggest a trend. The Norse invaders converted to Christianity, but this new wave of invaders is determined to convert the local population to their faith. Mosques are springing up all over blighty, while Christian churches sit empty.

If your summer vacation plans take you to England, pay attention to what the Muslim invaders are calling the local cities and towns. In a generation, those will be the official names, just as we currently call the old capital of Northumbria “York” instead of Eoforwic. This may seem far fetched, but just a few generations before the Great Heathen Army landed in England, everyone would have thought Norse dominance of England was far-fetched as well.

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John
Guest

So in Florida, what will the Islamic name for Miami be? I imagine that (overnight) the Gay clubs will close down and be converted to mosques. Florida seems a little too hot and humid for those female bags the girls have to wear, but what can you do? Of course, it’s still early and even in Britain, if the government simply stopped suppressing those that want to fight back against the invasion and keeping them disarmed then this wave could be thrown back into the sea. In the interim; stay out of crowds, leave your electronic toys at home and… Read more »

Shelby
Guest
Shelby

You would be surprised how many have settled in the land of sunshine and skeeters. The burkas actually help keep them safe from Zika. It started with the takeover of motels and cigarette stores. They are everywhere now. As if the carpetbaggers weren’t enough.

Big Mike
Guest
Big Mike

The motels and cigarette stores are run by the Hindus from India and are largely not a problem. The mooslem rag heads are another issue.

Fuel Filter
Guest
Fuel Filter

A few months ago I took ZMan to task for writing something complementary about Islum.  

I’m glad he didn’t this time. The point he makes is a salient one. 

As far as the name-game, it matters not. As far as moslums are concerned it’s all “dar al-harb” (the house of war) to them.

Where Islum goes, there goes destruction, death and misery.

For the uninitiated, go here to read up on our common enemy:

https://www.jihadwatch.org/islam-101

Shelby
Guest
Shelby

What is a ‘watch list’ ? I know their hands are tied, given the prez’s love of all things Islam, but some of these creeps need to disappear.
FYI, I loved the article and your humor. Thanks Zman. Today we needed the smile.

Nedd Ludd
Guest
Nedd Ludd

Zman – You are aware that the article on Scotland was written by Imran Azam (and Karin Goodwin) So, one may doubt how widespread this movement really is in Scotia. On the other hand the Scots may just be nutz: Police Scotland ‘adds hijab to uniform’ to encourage Muslim women to join force http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14541196.Police_Scotland__adds_hijab_to_uniform__to_encourage_Muslim_women_to_join_force/?ref=ar A headline you will not see: Registered Democrat Kills 50 and Wounds 53 More The Florida attack means another million or more votes for The Donald. The media and the libtards are trying to spin this story as gunz problem. Those Americans whose minds have not… Read more »

Notsothoreau
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Notsothoreau

Diversity. And that seems to mean more restaurants. And if you read comments on the Net, you will learn that Christians are just like Islamists!!

I like to tell them that I grew up in Oklahoma and to my knowledge, we didn’t have a single beheading there until they brought in Muslims.

Thud
Guest

The article is just misleading shite, there is no trend nor is the U.k. going to become an Islamic state.i love this blog but sometimes it just becomes fantasy, do not count the English out.

Member

I keep asking myself why a few tens of thousands of the barbarians don’t board freighters, sail to Antwerp or Marseilles, take over the city hall and the local police stations, and declare the European Wilayat of the Caliphate. Who would stop them? Who would evict them? They over-estimate the will of our elites and probably under-estimate just how hobbled (neutered? gutted? emasculated?) the country class (using Codevilla’s terms) has been by the governing class in most nations.

Member

Ugh, nightmare in the mode of the book Camp of the Saints.

Oh, will the West please get stronger and push these cave men back?

I have been thinking of the islamic jihad as analogous to the Vikings so the zman’s post really hit home.

UKer
Guest
UKer

Despite having two (liberal) universities, York for now remains almost entirely devoid of muslims. The muslims hordes are in Bradford (to the west), Oldham and south Lancashire (further west) and of course to the south west in Rotherham. London remains a long way off, and Yorkies would like to keep it that way. But London is not 100 per cent muslim, at least not yet. There are shenanigans in the Tower Hamlets district and there are those who think that Liebore helped the muslims to get a greater hold with extra postal votes for the recent election of the muslim… Read more »

Member

Thanks for that sad and sorry inside look at London. Once that city, with her strong adventurous men, ruled over a vast empire. Look at her now. Teardrop.

James LePore
Guest

I wrote this after the Paris attacks:

http://jlepore.fineartstudioonline.com/blog/100428/the-decadent-west

Private, covert revenge ops? Wishful thinking? Probably, but one can hope.

Member

A revenge story would be good.

I know my husband really enjoys action movies which center on revenge by the just.

Only, now, it seems stories or rather movies don’t seem to portray the bad guys as, you know, the real bad guys. Don’t you think it’d be a good idea, catharsis somehow, to watch a movie in which the jihadi gets his ?

James LePore
Guest

I agree completely. The well-told revenge story is hugely compelling. It’s a primal thing that we can all relate to. In my opinion it’s the main reason why the Godfather movies are so unbelievably popular. I would love to see more stuff where the jihadis are exposed for what they are (pure evil) and dealt with accordingly.
There is a lot of “revenge as motive” in my novels. Here is a short piece inspired by Benghazi:

http://jlepore.fineartstudioonline.com/blog/99207/man-killers

Karl Horst (Germany)
Guest
Karl Horst (Germany)

I’ve always wondered why so many Jews remained in Germany despite Hitler’s rhetoric that their days were numbered. The Nazi party was shutting down Jewish owned stores and shops, making people wear cloth Stars of David in public, public beating by the brown shirts were open for all to see – the message was clear and unmistakable. And yet some Jews refused to leave thinking it wouldn’t happen to them. While that was understandable given many German Jews had served in the German army in WW1 defending their homeland, it remains anyone’s guess why the thought “It won’t happen to… Read more »

LetsPlay
Member
LetsPlay

“… the message was clear and unmistakable.” That is the crux of the problem. People are too naive and get too comfortable with their “material world” thinking that mankind has advanced and surely nothing could disrupt such a good thing. Probably because they have insulated themselves in a bubble where everyone and everything feeds back to them that they will be fine. The most recent example of this is in America where our Clown-in-Chief, Obozo, stated very clearly, very emphatically, and on many occassions before and after his election that he was dedicated to “the fundamental transformation” of America. Did… Read more »

Karl Horst (Germany)
Guest
Karl Horst (Germany)

I’m surprised more people have not taken him to task on that statement. But after 8-years, it seems very clear that he said what he meant, and meant what he said… “fundamental transformation” indeed. Hopefully your next president (and future EU leadership) can reverse the course western civilization seem to be on. But then, while there are still a few critical thinkers who can see past the smoke and mirrors, the lemmings of our respective countries remain oblivious even as they approach the edge.

Doug
Guest
Doug

Lot of people ignore the fact the leader of the human extinction movement gets up every day, brushes his teeth, and gets on with his day of destroying civilization. It’s not rocket science the musloids are waging existential war against the west, and he is their number 1 ally, and has opened the borders. What kind of dark evil sickness resides in the head and heart of him and Merkel is almost incomprehensible, to possess such hate and hubris and become “leaders” of the free world is prologue.

Karl Horst (Germany)
Guest
Karl Horst (Germany)

@ Doug – It’s not fair to put all the blame on Frau Merkel. France, the UK and Sweden are way ahead of the rest of Europe in their Muslim immigration policies that go way back more than 10-20 years. Merkel’s original intent last year was not pro-immigration of Muslims into Germany; it was only to provide a temporary refuge for Syrian civilians (Muslim and Christian) who through no fault of thier own, were caught in a horrible situation. I would agree her plan was poorly thought out and even worse in its implementation. No argument there! But there’s a… Read more »

Dan Kurt
Member

@K.Horst:”It’s not fair to put all the blame on Frau Merkel.”
You need to review the Myth of Pandora’s Box.
Merkel should be burned at the stake as a warning to other leaders, present and future.
Dan Kurt

UKer
Guest
UKer

Karl, it seems to us in the UK that Berlin pretty much runs the EU, even if only because they have the biggest wallets. It is hard for us to think it is all Belgian incompetence when Frau Merkel’s bark makes the EUSSR jump that little bit quicker and a lot higher. The tragedy of Germany is not what they intended to do, but if as you say my country, Sweden and other nations in Europe have let in more muslims, she and her government failed to see the damaging effect it was doing elsewhere. That is neglect of evidence.… Read more »

LetsPlay
Member
LetsPlay

I think you are too lenient with Merkel. Humanitarian aid is one thing. The sudden mass migration of ME people’s, more than just Syria (thank you Hillary Clinton!), was a planned and well orchestrated strategy that was aided and abetted by the leaders of all said countries. It used to be you “sent” aid to those in need where they lived. How did that all of a sudden change to “come live with us, we will take care of you … forever?”

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Drake
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Drake

Liberals: the problem with putting Muslims at the top of your victimhood hierarchy is that THEY WANT TO KILL EVERYONE ELSE ON THE LIST.

Milo Yiannopoulos

Drake
Guest
Drake

Britain through the ages has been an excellent example of the saying “immigration without assimilation is invasion”. I know I read it long before Bobby Jindal said it but can’t remember where. Those Anglo-Saxon-Jutes ran Northumbria because their ancestors showed up after the Romans left and took the place with numbers and force. The Romanized Britons generally assimilated, the Celts were booted to outskirts of the island. Yet the decedents of those original invaders were shocked when Danes showed up and took the place – just like we are when Muslims show up and take over – and governments don’t… Read more »

Karl Horst (Germany)
Guest
Karl Horst (Germany)

@ theZman – You might enjoy the “Vikings” series. Pretty close to historical accuracy, with some events shifted to accommodate the characters and the obvious.

Drake
Guest
Drake

And “The Last Kingdom” about the Anglo-Saxon resistance to the Danish invasion.