Essential Knowledge: Part X

Note: I’ve taken a bit of break on these posts because they take a bit longer than a normal post and I’ve been busy on other projects. A normal post is maybe a half hour of writing and another half hour of re-writing. If I feel like proofreading it, then maybe another fifteen minutes. These Essential Knowledge posts require a little more thought and they require me finding the relevant links. The demands on my time meant a short hiatus, but I’ll try to get back to doing one every two weeks at the minimum.

We left off the literature portion of this series at the Romantic period. I’ve never been a big fan of this period in English literature. I think I can make the case that William Blake is history’s greatest monster. There are some writers worth knowing about and some works that a modern reader can enjoy. Coleridge’s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan, especially for Rush fans, are easy reading and the sort of thing an educated man can sprinkle into a conversation to impress the ladies down at the rest home.

The Romantics were big into poetry so the big names are mostly poets. If you feel you must, then pick an anthology and sample the names that seem familiar, like Lord Byron, Wordsworth and Keats. These things are a matter of taste and maybe you are the sort that enjoys this type of literature. My view on literature is that you should aim to be a specialist on what you enjoy, but a generalist on everything else. That means having some anthologies around to poke through when you are looking for something to read.

There is some good stuff in the Romantic period. Jane Austen is not terrible and you should read at least one of her novels. Pride and Prejudice would be my recommendation, but you can download her complete works for a dollar, so take your pick. Robinson Crusoe by Defoe is a good read. Tom Jones by Henry Fielding is not bad. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is the most famous work from this period. My favorite from this era is Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels. It’s a fun read, even if you hate Romantics.

The Victorian¹ period is an embarrassment of riches, in terms of English literature. This was also when Americans really started to contribute to the English canon. Even better, the great talents of the era tended toward prose, so you don’t have to suffer through a lot of poetry. The big names on the poetry side are Browning, Carlyle, Wordsworth, Swinburne and Tennyson, but the way to go is with a decent anthology. Of course, you can just read your kids, or grandkids, Jabberwocky and leave it at that.

The prose side of the house is where things get fun. This was a prolific period in English prose and some of the giants of our culture wrote in this era. For the ladies, and the men with a desire to get in touch with their feminine side, you have the Bronte sisters. Jane Eyre is considered one of the top-20 novels of all time, but I’ve always been partial to Wuthering Heights. You can get the collected works of the Bronte sisters for a song. If you still need that feminine touch, then read Middlemarch by George Elliot.

Now the good stuff. I don’t think you can be a literate man without having read Charles Dickens. The Pickwick Papers is great, even if you are not comfortable reading hard fiction. Oliver Twist, David Copperfield and A Tale of Two Cities are also on the list of must read books. You can get all of Dickens for a buck on kindle. The same is true of the collected works of Lewis Carroll. Alice in Wonderland is a great read even if you have seen all of the Hollywood treatments.

I think Oscar Wilde is an overrated degenerate, but The Picture of Dorian Gray is a great book. It’s also a great movie, as long as you stick with the 1945 version. This period was not just the great flowering of the novel. The short story was mastered in this era. The two names most associated with the development of the form are O. Henry and W. Somerset Maugham. I’m more of a fan of the latter, than the former, but that’s a matter of taste. As an aside, I’ve always thought the short story is the perfect format for modern audiences.

This is also the age when fantasy literature and science fiction came into existence as serious literary forms. Dracula is a great book, even if you have seen a million movie versions of it. You should get the complete works of Robert Louis Stevenson so you can read Treasure Island and Jekyll and Hyde, if you did not read them as kids. I recently re-read Treasure Island and it still works for me. Then, of course, is H. G. Wells. I’ve read Time Machine half a dozen times in my life and it just gets better each time.

The trouble with the Victorian era is it is big and not everyone agrees on the exact start and end points. This is especially true of the late Victorians and the American writers that were influenced by their English cousins, but had their own style. I’m going to cover American literature in a separate post so that makes the cutoff a little easier. Even so, there’s a lot of summers at the beach worth of reading just in that 60 year span. It’s fair to say that it was the peak of the English Empire and probably the peak of English culture.

¹I’m lumping some eras together here for the sake of brevity. Read “Victorian” as “post-Romantic up to the 20th century.”

56 Comments
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Cloudswrest
Cloudswrest
3 years ago

I liked Robert Southey’s “The Inchcape Rock” and “God’s Judgment on a Wicked Bishop”. I read them back in the 70s in Jr. high.

Bilejones
Bilejones
3 years ago

Try as I might, and believe me, I do, there is not I can argue with here.

ronetc
3 years ago

I am surprised to see Daniel Defoe (1660-1731) and Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) in a list of Romantics? It can’t be chronological . . . and I can’t figure any thematic connection. I must be missing something essential.

Epaminondas
Member
Reply to  thezman
3 years ago

The works of Swift and Fielding are lumped under the heading of the Augustan Period of English literature. I personally believe Fielding’s “Tom Jones” to be the finest comic novel ever written. I’ve read it twice and will probably revisit it again. Check out this sample clip to gain an idea of the hilarity of Fielding’s prose…

https://www.audible.com/pd/Classics/Tom-Jones-Audiobook/B00HQ1TR14?qid=1497015336&sr=1-2

Bilejones
Bilejones
Reply to  thezman
3 years ago

Ur Romantics.

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
3 years ago

Rudyard Kipling.
Greatest writer in the English language until Gene Wolfe.
The best stories of the Gilded Age.

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  thezman
3 years ago

I knew I’d blown it as soon as I hit send.
So typical of a fanatic, I know, I know.

PS- you continue to astound me as to how uncultured and uneducated I really am. Kudos!

Teapartydoc
Member
Reply to  Alzaebo
3 years ago

Amen. Still see people quoting The Gods of the Copybook Headings, If. Jungle Book. Just So Stories. Captains Courageous. The Man Who Would Be King–Michael Caine said it was his favorite movie. He and Sean Connery were able to recreate the colonial attitude marvelously. There were still a few men like this around when I was a kid in Rhodesia. Former British military. They’d manage their farms and enterprises during the week, play polo crosse on Saturday, get drunk Saturday night, be in church Sunday if they weren’t too hung over, and cried like babies if their favorite horse broke… Read more »

JB
JB
Reply to  Alzaebo
3 years ago

Agreed. Kipling is phenomenal.

I keep seeing grne wolfe’s name crop up but have never read him. What work would you recommend?

Severian
Reply to  JB
3 years ago

JB, he writes science fiction. *Difficult* science fiction. His most famous is the four vol. Book of the New Sun (the origin of my stupid internet handle, BTW – I was reading it when I needed a handle back in the early days of the ‘net, and I guess I’m stuck with it).

JB
JB
Reply to  Severian
3 years ago

Thanks I’ll take a look.

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  Severian
3 years ago

5 volume- ‘Urth of the New Sun’ wraps it up, with both the trial and origin of the Conciliator, and ends with the coming of the New Sun. Mustn’t miss! Gene Wolfe is magnificently literate; he, like conversation, seems to meander, but he knows exactly where he’s going. Also recommended is the 2 volume ‘Soldier of Arete/Mist”- a soldier of Phillip of Macedon’s time. He awakens each morning unable to remember who he is. That, and he can see the gods. Lyrical, beautiful, profound. As to Severian’s handle- well, my own, the analeptic alzabo, is “the beast that, when it… Read more »

JB
JB
Reply to  Alzaebo
3 years ago

Thanks fir the recommendations

originalguest
originalguest
3 years ago

thezman:

Which is the one novel you read the most times?
And the one non-fiction book while we’re at it?

originalguest
originalguest
Reply to  originalguest
3 years ago

* excluding the bible and mein kampf of course!

JB
JB
3 years ago

O. Henry was American, not English. His novel cabbages and kings (title stolen from Lewis Carroll) is good right up there with nostromo.

SamlAdams
SamlAdams
3 years ago

One literature period could never find a really strong anchor point and ended up gravitating to Wells, Stevenson, Conan Doyle etc because my parents gave me anthologies when I was very young. Could never master the poetry, possibly because the one course I took in it was taught by an awful professor whose odd last name we used to joke as “”Inane” spelled backwards. Though American, always thought Ambrose Bierce was a master of the short story genre. Read his “Tales of War” at an early age because his war service was largely in the same battles as my g-g-grandfather… Read more »

P_Ang
P_Ang
3 years ago

Percy Byshe-Shelly’s “Ozymandius” was always one of my favorites. Spoiler-alert, it actually helped with the latest Aliens movie.

Severian
3 years ago

I’ve been told that your feelings about the Romantics are set by the age at which you read them. If you catch Shelley and Byron when you’re 16-20, they seem to have the key to the universe. Younger than that and they’re incomprehensible; older, and they seem like the world’s most talented sophomores. I got both the Romantics and Nietzsche in my early teens… thank god for repressed memory syndrome, as I shudder to think what a pretentious little dork I must’ve been.

Dan
Dan
3 years ago

why the shade thrown on Blake? what was his sin so great as to be deemed, in your opinion, history’s greatest monster?

karl hungus
karl hungus
Reply to  Dan
3 years ago

yes, i was curious about that too? he has some really bitchin’ paintings.

Epaminondas
Member
3 years ago

Maugham’s “The Outstation” is probably the greatest short story in the English language. It is set in Borneo shortly after WWI and gives you a fabulous idea of British colonial life at the peak of the Empire…with dark forebodings of the coming decline.

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  Epaminondas
3 years ago

Gotta try it. I have been missing so much.

Severian
Reply to  Epaminondas
3 years ago

I read that last night on your recommendation. It’s excellent.

fred z
Member
Reply to  Epaminondas
3 years ago

When I was in my twenties I read every word Maugham wrote. Then I read his biography and discovered that he was every bit the degenerate that Oscar Wilde was. The tales of a drunk old Maugham picking up and paying young french sailors in the south of France and what they got up to surprised me. Then I had to re-read the whole lot of Maugham again to see if he too was an “overrated” degenerate and to look for homosexual projection in his work. Overrated? Yes, a bit, no doubt thrust forward by the homosexual lobby, which makes… Read more »

Epaminondas
Member
Reply to  fred z
3 years ago

I knew all this, but didn’t mention it because I respect his work. Maugham was actually worse than you suspect: he was a pedophile. Read the Morgan biography to get an accurate picture of his life. It’s worth the effort and very enlightening.

fred z
Member
Reply to  Epaminondas
3 years ago

And here I thought I’d written “Then I read his biography…”

Bilejones
Bilejones
Reply to  Epaminondas
3 years ago

Try Saki HH Munroe.

fred z
Member
Reply to  Bilejones
3 years ago

I did. I downloaded his stuff from Kindle where it was free or close to it. I haven’t been able to get into it yet, but I’ll keep trying.

bilejones
Member
Reply to  Epaminondas
2 years ago

Graham Greene’s “The Quiet American” is worth a look.

JohnTyler
JohnTyler
3 years ago

A genre of books that few folks read deals with the HISTORY of mathematics. It is simply astonishing that much of the math that we learned in JHS/HS algebra – you know, the basic, easy stuff, literally took mathematicians hundreds or thousands of years to figure out. Even our number system – based on the number 10 – took a few thousand years before someone figured it out. And we think now, “oh, it’s so obvious,” etc. Uh, no, it is not. Recall Roman Numerals? Imagine having to multiply, divide, etc., using Roman Numerals. Now think of all the engineering… Read more »

Nedd Ludd
Nedd Ludd
Reply to  JohnTyler
3 years ago

Life on the New England frontier was hard and dangerous. Here’s an excerpt from an article in the New Yorker about Milton Bradley, the game inventor. It details his ancestors’ run-ins with the ‘noble savage’. “The young Milton Bradley, too, believed that “the journey of life is governed by a combination of chance and judgment.” His game works the same way: there’s what you spin, and there’s where you choose to go. The Checkered Game of Life is a game of destiny checked by strategy. But Bradley came from a family ruled, for generations, by nothing so much as an… Read more »

Member
3 years ago

I keep a complete works of Robert Frost on my nightstand. It’s wonderful reading.

Always thought somebody missed a great opportunity to write a book about our 44th President called Jabber-Baracky.

jwm
jwm
3 years ago

I could never get a handle on the poets. I know they were supposed to be great, but there is just so much effort I’m willing to invest in a work of art. The payoff on poetry is generally too meager for the work involved. There are exceptions: John Donne, George Herbert come to mind (I know-not Romantics). Dracula will scare the pants off you. Frankenstein is Just. Plain. Awful. “Of Human Bondage” by Maugham has always been one of my favorites.

JWM

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  jwm
3 years ago

Yeats. Yeats is the man.

jwm
jwm
Reply to  Alzaebo
3 years ago

Agree on WBY. Forgot about him.

Omega3
Omega3
Reply to  jwm
3 years ago

I’ve never been much of a poetry nut either. But, I took one of those 1 credit hour American Poetry classes one time and found Emily Dickinson surprisingly good.

ArtHouseForOurHouse
ArtHouseForOurHouse
3 years ago

I’m troubled by the Blake reference as well. Oddball for sure, but I’ve never read a biography. The “Songs of…” still hold up well.

James LePore
Member
3 years ago

I’ve been reading fiction since I discovered the circular rack at my local candy store when I was twelve, and keeping a favorites list as I go along. Here’s my current Top Fifty: 1. Cry The Beloved Country, Alan Paton 2. The Oxbow Incident, Walter Van Tilberg Clark 3. Lucky Jim, Kingsley Amis 4. A Room With A View, E.M. Forster 5. So Long, See You Tomorrow, Wm. Maxwell 6. The Sun Also Rises, Hemingway 7. Brideshead Revisited, Evelyn Waugh 8. The Last of the Mohicans, James Fenimore Cooper 9. Madam Bovary, Flaubert 10. The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald… Read more »

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  James LePore
3 years ago

Age of Innocence, yes!
Then you had to ruin it with Mockingbird and Cry, My Beloved. Dastardly!

Melville fan here. His scathing humour and quiet rage at the Protestant destruction of the South Pacific islanders is a wonder.
They were the SJWs of their time.

James LePore
Member
Reply to  Alzaebo
3 years ago

Melville’s endless passages about how whalers whale made me want to choke him. Apropos of this, when an interviewer asked Elmore Leonard why he didn’t write long descriptions of nature, etc., he said “I leave out the parts that people don’t read.” It’s all subjective as I believe you’d agree. BTW, Age of Innocence was a killer movie. Scorsese can do it all.

Member
3 years ago

“I think Oscar Wilde is an overrated degenerate”

Well, at least you didn’t call him a faggot…

Shelby
Shelby
Reply to  1twothree4
3 years ago

I loved ‘ Ballad of the Reading Gaol’.

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
Reply to  1twothree4
3 years ago

His final words were his best work!

Alzaebo
Alzaebo
3 years ago

A side thought from Ol’ Remus’s Woodpile:
What defines truly great art?

It captures a time, and a place.
(That is, or soon will be, no more.)

Nori
Nori
3 years ago

Bram Stoker’s Dracula,superb read. It led me to another of his, The Jewel of Seven Stars. The Brits had been cracking open ancient Egypt’s mysteries for over a decade when he wrote it,and it is steeped in then contemporary Egyptology. Evocative and spellbinding,as readable today as it was then.

Ol\' Billyam
Ol\' Billyam
3 years ago

“Big names on the poetry side are … Carlyle, Wadsworth …” ??? Carlyle’s big name is from his prose — not aware of any poetry. Who’s Wadsworth?

Member
3 years ago

I have never really been avle to appreciate “poetry”, The fashioning of clever rhymes and rhythms Seems merely that, a clever verbal gymnastic. I’ve always preferred prose. Thee are a few significant exceptions, particularly Kipling, and some Eliot. And my senior year in high school I read the collected works of A. E, Houseman for a senior paper. I recommend “To An Athlete Dying Young”.

James LePore
Member
Reply to  Rurik
3 years ago

And how am I to face the odds
Of man’s bedevilment, and God’s?
I, a stranger and afraid
In a world I never made.
Housman, “Last Poems”

He was the real deal.

Member
3 years ago

And speaking of George Eliot, I prefer “Silas Marner” over “Middlemarch”. Just a taste thing, I guess.

Epaminondas
Member
Reply to  KellyM
3 years ago

And much shorter.

merp
merp
3 years ago

For free audio versions of books that have passed the copyright window check out librivox.org
Not all of Zmans recommendations are there but many popular novels can be found. Pride and Prejudice is on there for sure. Along with many of HG Wells works.