We’re Out Of Enemies

One of the stranger things about our public discourse the last couple of decades is the constant call for unity. The black hats on the political stage are always described as divisive or polarizing. The white hats are the “uniters”, bringing people together. Whenever something happens, like a disaster or shooting, the news is full of stories about how the community is united in response. Usually this means some sort of ceremony with candles and the local leaders officiating a ritual intended to show unity.

Of course, the fetish for unity is a Progressive thing. Often it takes comical turns, like when public opinion is running hard against some Progressive cause. Then the public is described as “divided over the issue.” A suitable bad guy is found and scorn is heaped on him by the media for his divisiveness. On the other hand, when opinion is slightly in favor of the Progressives, then we hear that the public is nearly unanimous in their support. This is followed by calls of unity, which means the opposition should surrender.

The classic example of this was homosexual marriage. State after state held referendums on the issue. The public voted against it. After every defeat, the media reported that a divided electorate narrowly opposed gay marriage. Then the one time it passes, a deluge of press claiming a tidal wave of support in favor of homosexual marriage. It was so convincing, the Supreme Court decided that voting was too much a bother and unilaterally declared gay marriage a sacrament.

Unity was not always a fetish for our rulers. In my youth, I had to sit and listen to civics lectures from Boomer instructors about the glories of raucous democracy. The whole point of democracy was for the people to have a civilized argument in order to gain a majority around a position. The change seems to have happened in the Clinton years. Anyone who opposed the Clintons was accused of dividing the public. As is true of so many of the problems in the current crisis, the roots of this unity fetish are in the Ozarks.

On the other hand, maybe this berserk desire for unanimity of public opinion on every matter is a sign of something else. The outbreak does coincide with the end of the Cold War. The very real risk of nuclear annihilation kept the American political class under control and it justified doing what was necessary to keep a lid on public dissent. Of course, the public was more than willing to enforce a high degree of conformity, in order to avoid giving the Russians an edge. The Cold War was a unifying and stabilizing force.

Before the Cold War, there was the Second World War. The Great Depression was probably the last time when conditions were ripe for disunity. When the ruling class is unable to keep the people fed, the people are willing to entertain new rulers. On the other hand, it offered the Yankee ruling elite an opportunity to purge the ruling class of heretics and dissenters. The days of guys like Calvin Coolidge getting far in politics were ended with the New Deal and the political realignment ushered in by Roosevelt.

In reality, the last time our ruling class did not have some exogenous thing to justify imposing a high degree of unanimity on the public, and on the ruling class, was the late 19th century. That was after the Civil War, so there was no need for unity. The North had conquered the rest of the country. The South was obliterated economically and culturally, so they were no threat. Appalachia was always too disorganized to be a threat to the Yankee establishment. Unity was the default situation.

The point of all this is that it has been a long time since America has not had something that was useful for rallying public support. The holy war against the Muslims should have been an easy replacement for the Cold War, but our rulers are so infected by the PC virus they could not declare the crusade. Instead, they lost two pointless wars of choice and invited millions of Muslims to settle in our lands. The promised clash of civilization has instead become a clash between the Dirt People and the Cloud People over Islam.

That may be the reason our betters are forever going on about the need for unity. These weird rituals after ever terrorist attack are intended to summon the magic spirits that will restore the unifying order of old. The candlelight vigil after every shooting or riot suggests that the deep state actors behind these things are the candle makers. Every Progressive in America spends the following day passing around pics on social media, of people “uniting” to fight the latest outrage, almost always at a candlelight vigil.

There is also the fact that all mass movements need a devil. The Cult of Modern Liberalism is no exception. It is why John McCain built his career around the pitch of a “cause greater than ourselves.” His great cause over the last several decades was the nutty idea of spreading western liberal democracy to the Muslim world. Other Progressives have gone all in on stamping out biological reality. The ghost of Hitler and Bull Connor, of course, are always handy bogeymen for our Progressive rulers.

America was never intended to be united culturally or spiritually. The Founders understood that the original colonies had different characteristics, due to the different founding populations. It is why they maintained the sovereignty of the states in the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. America was supposed to be a collection of states and cultures, which cooperated economically and for common defense, but otherwise existed independent of one another. It is why they wanted a weak national government.

What we may be seeing is the end of the long historical cycle that began in the 19th century, with the Hartford convention, and ended with the Cold War. The 19th century saw the northern states rise economically and culturally, to eventually dominate the rest of the nation. Events in Europe provided handy enemies against which to rally the public and beat back any challenges to Yankee hegemony. We have run out of plausible bogeymen with which to scare the public. As a result, America is returning to its nature.

This could be the root cause of the endless calls for unity. The pleas for unity are, in effect, demands to maintain the status quo. Along side the endless laments from the media about the decline of old media and the rise of alternatives, you have a ruling establishment in a long twilight struggle to maintain its status and power. Perhaps in the fullness of time, the Yankee domination of America will be seen as a long cultural cycle, with its own civic religion, national epic and origin myth.

61 thoughts on “We’re Out Of Enemies

  1. I had a really good history professor in college who knew the Civil War and Reconstruction backwards and forwards, who was fond of saying that before the war, people would say, “The United States are.” After the war, they would say, “The United States is.” Perhaps Bill Clinton was right when he put so much emphasis on the meaning of the word “is” during his deposition regarding the sexual harassment of the fat Jew broad.

    To address the central topic, though, the nutty millenial actor Shia Labeouf started some campaign where he and co-religionists chanted “Trump will not divide us” in front of a webcam in a public square, or something like that. The thing devolved into a fiasco in which people who were supposed to repeat the mantra or spread messages of hope would go up to the camera and say things like, “He will come inside us.”

    Blaming Trump for a divided America is like blaming him for the Civil War. The battle lines were drawn well-before he even took his ride down the golden escalator to announce his campaign.

  2. The progressives went out to feed the unicorns one day and got trapped in the quicksand of identity politics. We may be out of enemies, but they can’t outrun themselves.

  3. It’s hardly restricted to politics. Back during his Gay Regime, Rembert Weakland, OSB, A’bp of Milwaukee, near wore out the “divisive” word on those who mentioned that a number of his priests had problems. We were right, and the prisons have had more occupants. “Divisive” is now a motto of pride, like “Deplorable.”

  4. I can’t take any article that uses the term “Yankee” seriously. I didn’t even realize I was a Yankee until a sore loser Southerner called me one. Apparently, I’m supposed to apologize for winning. I’m supposed to feel ashamed that my ancestors kicked his ancestors’ asses really, really hard.

    Southerners should ally with blacks and Mexicans, they seem to have a lot in common. Like how my ancestors kicked all their asses and made them their b*tch.

    I love you grampa!

  5. The candlelight vigil after every shooting or riot ? That’s celebration of the second sacrament in the new civic religion, the first being gay pride/ethnic pride parades, of course.

  6. “The candlelight vigil after every shooting or riot suggests that the deep state actors behind these things are the candle makers.”

    Great line, Z.

  7. I honestly don’t think “maintaining their power” is the reason anymore. If it were, there are a million ways they could do it that are far easier than this, e.g. the Crusade against the Muslims you mention. Quite simply, I think they’re BORED. A real aristocrat — a blueblood by birth, going back to the Normal Conquest — has “being a noble” as his life’s purpose, so even when he’s not actually doing much of anything, he’s never bored. There’s always hunting and hawking and patronizing the arts and whatnot. Our “aristocrats” see all that stuff as sinful; they’re not satisfied unless they’re working, and with no more enemies to fight, the status quo gives them no legitimate (in their eyes) way to exercise their droit de signeur. That’s the overwhelming impression I get from reading any Boomer memoir — they had no “struggle” to justify their “privilege,” so they had to invent one. Tl;dr – it’s not about the power, it’s about their pwecious widdle feewings.

  8. “The 19th century saw the northern states rise economically and culturally, to eventually dominate the rest of the nation.”

    Have we come to the end of that situation though? The progressive ideology that has dominated for the last 100 years is out of steam but that isn’t the same as saying that Yankee hegemony is dying out. In fact it may be stronger than ever. Even without including immigration, most of the country is still being colonized by people streaming out of Yankee states. Culture and politics is running along Yankee lines; a degree from Harvard is still worth something even in this age of academic insanity and Hollywood, basically being a collection of degenerates making endless superhero sequels, is still largely the only game in town. (If a TV is on, its still mostly a Hollywood type production even if its not directly from Hollywood.) Even the instruments of revolt are Yankee; Trump is after all a New Yorker who won in an election against two other New Yorkers.

    What seems to be falling apart isn’t so much the Yankee conquest of America as much as it is the ideology that has driven them for the last century. The question is if everyone in charge can make the switch to some new form of ideology. Probably they will; it doesn’t really pay to underestimate Yankee adaptability. (Look at the Bush family for example; Bush 43 cultivated a Texas identity but his family is basically Yankee transplants.)

    “The holy war against the Muslims should have been an easy replacement for the Cold War, but our rulers are so infected by the PC virus they could not declare the crusade.”

    I wonder if the problem is that they couldn’t declare a crusade or that they weren’t afraid enough for their positions to feel the need to call one. A lot of what Roosevelt was able to do in the 1930s was motivated by the real fear that people might accept an actual revolution after 1929. The elite now don’t seem to have that fear yet or they probably wouldn’t hesitate to do something to keep their seats. Even now they don’t really seem to feel it; they’re hysterical about Trump but not afraid.

    (Of course it could be that in structuring themselves for life in a 1970s US-Soviet condominium that they expected the rest of eternity, the elite ruined themselves to such a point that they no longer know how to react in very different circumstances; maybe thats why they want to live off the fumes of the Cold War instead of trying something new. Or it could be that they are half-hearted about a crusade because there’s too much expectation for a good Saudi funded post-political career and retirement to go in as deep as they could. I’m curious to see what they reaction will be once the oil money dries up.)

  9. My line is that “government is force” and “politics is division.” Therefore there will always be a tug of war between division and unity. For unity is needed to fight the foe and justify the government’s resort to force.

  10. My first reaction to the news that Jeff Flake was going to do the obvious thing and not run for re-election was happiness. (I expected it.) My second reaction came after listening to what he said about the President on the Senate floor. The same old calls for unity, and “normal” behavior.

    What Flake wants people to think is that he is talking about unity in the country. What he actually means is unity among the Government Party. What Flake wants people to think is that he is talking about whatever constitutes “normal” behavior in America. What he actually means is “normal behavior” in the Government Party. They all know it’s a scam, and that scam is built on certain “rules” about how they talk to each other, the policies they preach vs. the polices they enact, and so forth. Trump has overturned about 50 years of the bullshit lies told to the American People by the Bipartisan Fusion Party.

    Flake’s speech announcing that he will not run reads like a lecture given by an absent parent to the child he thought he could buy off with favors and money and platitudes. Flake no more cares about the separation of powers that he talks about in his speech than he cares about security the borders or repealing Obamacare or cutting spending. He cared not a whit about separation of powers when Obama held the reigns. It was GREAT for raising money, but not much more.

    You can read Flake’s little speech at the link below. The most important thing to take away from it is not that he is mad at the President. It is that only now, when their power is directly threatened, do people in the Government Party suddenly find their “principles” backed up by a willingness to act. Cry not for Jeff Flake, as he will die a multi-millionaire with access and influence and they’ll call him “Senator” for the rest of his days like the Dukes of old.


    • Would up this comment a hundred times if I could. “Unity” is the code word for “do it our way”. Trump is the agent for clearing away the pretense and facade of our government, and showing the hollowness and self-dealing that constitutes our “betters”. People were figuring it out anyway (Flake polled in his home state of Arizona at 18% approval, so he decided to burn the house down on his way out). Trump rightly understood that the time was right to act in support of tearing down the curtain hiding the dirt. The calls for “unity” have morphed into Black Lives Matter and Antifa. That was the “unity” endgame all along.

      • Many times I have entered a conversation on the subject to say that good government facilitates people going their separate ways peacefully and bad government works tirelessly or tyrannically for unity, that in fact this was the entire point of the Founding documents. Invariably this is received with some shock but as yet no argument. Very likely no hearts and minds were changed but maybe the yard marker can be nudged.

        • Excellent point. It’s like a good teacher…the truest sign of a good teacher is when the teacher does such a good job, he is no longer needed.

    • I think Flake miscalculated badly. What can he deliver now, as a lobbyist? Whom does he have a connection to, that still has actual power? And Jeff, you damn well better be cleaner than clean, because I guarantee that people are going through all the intel on you right now…

      • Those jobs are no-show jobs. He’ll get handsome compensation to serve on the board of directors of xyz corporation or foundation mainly so they can advertise that their board consists of former US Senators because it’s a great, great, way to raise money.

    • Flakes error, is people aren’t supporting Trump at all. They are supporting the ideas he ran on. Lots of others making that mistake, probably most of the DNC. “Because that’s who we are” isn’t a rational argument for immigration, or much of anything.

      • “That’s who we are” is just Government Party virtue signalling while calling everybody else a racist. I think the kids today call it “othering”. The fraud Paul Ryan used it back when candidate Trump first announced he would impose a travel ban. He has no clue that tens of millions of people cheered at what Trump said and wanted, and think Paul Ryan is a suicidal maniac for wanting to do the exact opposite.

        I read today that the Democrats are +15 in the old “Generic Ballot” polling. The GOP has decided that the best way to get out of trouble with its voters is to lose both houses of Congress. It’s the only way for them to “stop Trump”…by putting the Democrats back in charge.

        • And you can bet the Establishment is even now putting their heads together with just such a strategy to stop Steve Bannon.

  11. The cloud universalists are our mystical druid priests. Who will be the converting religion that comes and drives the old Gods out of new Britannia?

    I figure this whole thing collapses, power accumulates around various chieftans who wait to see what way the wind is blowing and join whatever religion offers them the best deal. In the interim we’ll be awaiting our Muad’dib.

  12. Our elite do have a unifying fear, yet it is rarely spoken of aloud. Their great fear is deflation and the destruction of their wealth. We often make the mistake of thinking of the very wealthy as if they have great vaults full of money, when the reality is that most of their fortune is in the form of various assets. Most of the value of these underlying assets is based upon some debt that was taken out to finance those assets.

    When deflation occurs, or even a significant slowdown in economic growth, it is possible for an asset that is worth millions on paper to become virtually worthless in less than a week. If a company cannot service its debt bankruptcy beckons. The great fear is that deflation will usher in a downward spiral in which paper wealth is destroyed in less time than it takes for dominoes to fall.

    Steve Sailer pointed out years ago that much of the desire for unlimited third world immigration was simply to stimulate demand and keep growth accelerating. In the eighties it was still possible to think that global capitalism could keep up accelerating growth in markets like China, India, or Brazil. The reality was that there was limited demand for McDonalds, Coca Cola, or toilet paper in India. If Georgia Pacific needs a minimum of 8% growth every year to keep its stock price stable, that growth will not come from whites in the USA. White people can only use the toilet so much.

    Bring people from India, Mexico, Guatemala, or wherever to the first world and give them welfare, and their purchasing habits will almost immediately become those of western consumers. This is a win-win for the elite. A heavily leveraged economy must grow or die. The elite cannot tolerate a system in which greater efficiency leads to greater profitability and an improved standard of living. Growth is all that matters. The suppression of wage inflation is a side benefit, along with the destruction of the middle class.

    There are some among the elite who are true believers in the religion of third-worldism, but keeping the debt snowball from rolling down the hill is their true unifying principle.

    • I agree–mass immigration is how the establishment props up the ponzi economy…whites do not supply enough consumer demand growth anymore…and so in order to prevent asset price reduction, the elites cram in ever more worker-consumer livestock from the undeveloped nations….

      western nations are like the goose being force fed grain in order to fatten its liver for pate on a cracker…mass immigration being forced onto us via a propaganda regime…

      anti-white multiculturalism is the lubricant that greases the wheels of the mass immigration propaganda regime…with political correctness the mass immigration machine would stop…

    • very well put and agreed with totally. their wealth is in assets that must be protected at all costs, regardless of the consequences.

    • This is true to a certain extent, but many of the large companies that produce things like soaps and processed foods see most of their growth overseas. Consider India. If one percent of that population achieves middle class status, that is a hundred million people who are now bathing and brushing their teeth on a regular basis, and eating foods that are at least partially preprepared. They aren’t grinding their own grain.

      • Very true, but what if the overseas growth does not come fast enough? Every year it takes a greater amount of deficit spending to produce the same meager increase in GDP. Eventually we reach the point where it takes an infinite increase in debt to produce an infinitesimal increase in GDP. As Karl Denninger put it, “exponential functions always run away from each other over time.”

        Much better to bring 100 million people from India to the west than to wait for the Indian middle class to slowly develop.

    • Re;
      I think you are right about the elite fearing financial collapse. Hell, anybody paying attention ought to be concerned, but on account of the socio-political follow-on consequences.

      But I think you are wrong about deflation being a likely mechanism for this happening. In deflation, debtors are put under stress because their obligation is legally fixed while their ability to cover it is impaired due to reduced nominal earnings or economic returns: They must repay in dearer dollars than they borrowed. And if they can’t pay, creditors can seize their assets, which however devalued, are ultimately still real and not just paper.

      So, unless the elite are net debtors, deflation doesn’t hurt them as much as inflation hurts net creditors. Typically, ‘the rich’ are asset holders and net creditors (i.e. bond holders). People are ‘rich’ because they own assets, after all, and derive their incomes from the economic returns on those assets.* If that income is sufficient, they are relatively protected from deflation because their nominally reduced economic returns can still buy the same stuff they used to by because its prices are likewise reduced.

      What you are describing is a ‘crisis of confidence’ such as happened in 2008-09. There were still real houses in FL, NV, etc. and they were still worth *something*, just not nearly their fictional collateral value. But the financial paper issued (and reissued) with them as collateral became worthless due to that loss in value. If you owned your home clear, you still had a place to live. But if you were pyramiding houses to flip them, *then* you were screwed.

      In the great deflation following the 1929 crash, it was middle class folks with high leverage that were ruined: They and working class folks whose jobs disappeared as over-leveraged businesses collapsed via deflation and the ensuing economic contraction.

      *it is one indicator of Cloud Power that they have been able to continuously conflate a high current income from work or services rendered with being rich. Being truly rich is actually owning assets.

      • You may be correct. I don’t know any multi-billionaires. What is really true and correct does not matter as much as what the elites believe is true. It seems to me that our elite are acting as if any reduction of the economic growth rate means total disaster. Apple has a total debt of about 108 billion, much of it as corporate bonds. Any financial guru would say that the total debt does not matter much and we should look at the debt to equity ration, or whatever. What happens when all of the bondholders take haircuts?

        For an Iowa corn farmer who owns 4 million worth of farmland outright, it does not matter much if his farm is only worth 2 million next month. His corn may not fetch as much next month either, buy he is still sitting pretty. The elite corporate globalist order is a whole ‘nother matter. Everything trades on margin, and the assets underlying the assets are all leveraged. Deflation would be great for the middle class, but I think it gives the globalists nightmares.

        • Re;
          Tried to post the below several hours before. Looks like she might actually agree.

          The Cloud may be seeing more low-skilled peons as the key to economic growth: IOW, they actually may be that stupid. But, if so, they are wrong.* If they do so suppose, it is likely on account of their mush-headed academic Marxism. That is, they only vaguely remember Marx’s easily refuted Theory of the Surplus Value of Labor. It holds that labor has some intrinsic value that the evil capitalists are able to steal for themselves at all times and everywhere.

          It is *productivity* that makes labor economically valuable, not just time spent laboring. This is easily illustrated. If you have a pile of doggy doo, no amount of labor spent polishing it, encasing it in lucite, etc will add any value to it. It remains worthless doggy poo.

          Productivity, IOW, the ability of labor to add economic value, comes from some combination of capital (tools and machinery), energy, material and information (i.e. process knowledge) in addition to said labor. More productivity = GDP growth with the same labor force, no unskilled migrants needed at all. See Japan Inc. for a current example.

          *Hence the suspicion that their open boarders rhetoric is entirely based on malign intent.

        • Re;
          Don’t know any billionaires either: Wish I was one of them. No doubt you do too, if you’re honest.

          But one thing I do know is that if you are debt free you are blessed regardless of income or asset level. As it says in the Proverbs, ‘The borrower is slave to the lender’. Don’t be that guy_!

    • “Most of the value of these underlying assets is based upon some debt” according to who/what? If you are holding cash when deflation hits, you are king. Onasis for one made his big money this way, during the depression in the 1930’s. Why would a wealthy person have a lot of debt?

      • Why would an extremely wealthy person hold a lot of cash? A wealthy person might hold assets which have valuations based upon expanding debt. When the music stops… At least this is how they are acting.

        • Really wealthy people hold cash, debt, equity, land, gold, a passport, a hideout, and the transportation to get there. They own politicians and they own bankers (in a way). They don’t know how things will play out either, so they cover the bases. Beyond that, they spend to buy the political and social influence that protects their wealth and station in life.

      • Why debt? Because the most common place to park cash is in bonds or commercial paper.

        The biggest holders are governments and sovereign wealth funds. Heck, Treasury bonds are what back our currency and all others.

        Good question, McHungus. It amplifies Reluctant’s excellent analysis, which explains so much. Best economics summary I’ve ever seen.

    • Spot on. Costa in the UK are whining that their sales are only up 0.6%? or some low figure. Q some more immigration to push the sales of their low cost beverages. There is finite growth but there has to be a return at all costs for the investors and fuck everyone else.

  13. “The Cold War was a unifying and stabilizing force.

    Before the Cold War, there was the Second World War. ”

    Lots of truth to this. Had it not been for the Second World War, America would probably have split up some time in the late 1940’s. Today, we tend to forget the incredibly polarizing effect of the New Deal, and the Roosevelt tilt towards the USSR.

    • The real start was the War Industries Board in WWI. Bernard Baruch played a big part in both this and the NIRA and alphabet soup commissions of FDR.

      • Yes, Wilson’s WWI experiment in dirigisme was clearly the precursor to the New Deal. Without Wilson, FDR is unthinkable, any more than Stalin is thinkable without Lenin. If nothing else, FDR wasn’t smart enough, and was too lazy, to cook all of that up on his own. Mind you, those qualities also made FDR more tolerable than Wilson. Wilson was a genuine fanatical loon.

  14. very disappointing blog from you…if the founding fathers really “wanted a weak national government,” as you claim above, then why did they create a national government at all by discarding the articles of confederation and installing the constitution, which CREATED a federal government in the first place? Well, to answer that, you could read the federalist papers and madison’s notes on the constitutional convention, along with his ‘divide et impera’ letter to jefferson…

    madison, aka the father of the constitution, wrote that the reason he created the federal govt was to divide the people and thereby conquer them…conquer by weakening democracy and thereby prevent the masses from using democracy and the govt to seize the wealth of plutocrats like madison, jefferson, washington….the entire purpose of the pseudo-democratic fed govt structure (with its enlarged and thereby less cohesive voting districts) as outlined in and created by the constitution was, in the words of madison, to “protect the minority of the opulent against the majority.”

    So…read Dr Holton’s book UNRULY AMERICANS to understand the error of your ways…or you can get somewhat of an idea of the truth by reading Dr. Fresia’s online book TOWARD AN AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

    • Nothing in Holton’s book contradicts my point. The Articles were a failure, because they resulted in *no* national government. The Constitution was the response and a compromise.

      • yes, the articles were a failure for the founding plutocrats, but a success for the working class…which is why the founding plutocrats terminated the articles…we have been programmed to accept the plutocrat perspective….I however reject it….the working class has differing interests from the plutocrats…common sense…

        • The Articles were a failure for the “working class”, comrade. 95% of the American population were working exactly as the day is long. What terrified John Adams, from his diary of 1775, were people like one perennial debtor client, who shouted his glee for the coming war because his debts would be wiped out. Adams dreaded a future where all his work toward independence would be obliterated by this type https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=tpAOwJvTOio
          and who did often gain the upper hand in state legislatures before 1789. When debt is wiped out by law, which it often was, the result is not no debt, it is no lending. The common state of legislatures was not freedom but tyranny. All because there was no King, especially one whose presence was experienced at so heavenly a distance. The colonist were unprepared for doing without because they never knew they were doing with.

          So Federalist were right, but so were the anti-Federalist. That is the rub and the Constitution. But all of them, with one exception, were opposed to centralization, uniformity, and what they derisively referred to as “visionary and Utopian philosophers”. The ruling class was changing before the election of Jackson, and again in the gilded age, but in 1933 it became irredeemable. Unfortunately it is as von Hayek wrote, every culture is eventually a reflection of it’s ruling class.

          The Constitution failed entirely due to creeping suffrage. 1919 was only the last straw. Democracy is limited to taxpayers or it is tyranny.

          • All lending does is drive up the price of goods and services. Cost of college is a case in point. Price of houses is another.

          • I built a business without borrowing, but it is more efficient to borrow. The type of lending you are speaking of is a government backed racket in some form which is the result of fiat money, our present curse. Andrew Carnegie borrowed money to build his empire, and everything he touched became cheaper, steel by a factor of fifty. There were no guarantees, and failure cleared the field of foolish borrowers and lenders.

      • The Articles were abandoned because the govt couldn’t raise the money to service the holders of the Revolutionary war debt. The Founding Fathers- what a puerile phrase, were such holders.
        The constitution was a coup carried out for money.

    • Because the country was in full collapse. Libertarianism looks good on paper, but it is a fantasy in practice. The South lost the Civil War, in part, because they made the war about Federalism and States Rights and the idea that the United States was nothing more than a collection of independent countries united for the common defense and to reduce barriers to trade. That proved a failure, and quickly so. The Founders then set about creating a central government with limited, but enumerated, powers.

      They fully expected people to blow it (“A republic, if you can keep it,” as Franklin is oft quoted), but put in as many protections as they could.

Comments are closed.